QNB was founded on 6 June 1964 as the country’s first domestically-owned commercial bank. It had 35 employees in its first year and was initially headquartered in a government-owned building in Qatar’s capital city, Doha. The two currencies in circulation at the time were the Indian rupee and British pound. As Qatar’s population continued increasing throughout the century, QNB started establishing branches in other parts of the country.
In 1974, the first branches outside of Doha were opened in Al Khor and Mesaieed. The bank installed its first ATMs in 1988 in its Doha branches, and, in the proceeding year, introduced VISA cards for its clients. By 2015, it had established 76 branches in Qatar.